Being aware of its responsibility towards the territory and future generations, the Brenner Motorway wants to actively contribute to a zero emissions future in the transport sector.
The particular location of the Brenner Motorway (A22) along the European Corridor 1 proves to be strategic in order to sensitize and favour the circulation of hydrogen vehicles.
In the Alpine area there is a concrete opportunity to obtain hydrogen from renewable sources through the use of hydroelectric power. Hydrogen represents a form of ‘clean’ energy and increases the efficiency of local energy production from the economic as well as environmental point of view. Furthermore, the use of hydrogen avoids harmful effects on health and environment due to fossil fuels and reduces carbon dioxide emissions.
A22 is member of the Institute for Technical Innovations (I.I.T. Scarl), which carries out research and innovation activities and which in the future aims at extending its structure to other institutional as well as private subjects in order to implement an overall project along the whole Brenner – Modena axis.
Within the framework of the industrial plan drawn up by the A22, which foresees the construction of hydrogen filling stations every 100 km along the section Munich.
– Modena, the Brenner Motorway individuated 5 areas considered to be particular adequate for the production and distribution of ‘green’ hydrogen, i.e. hydrogen produced through ‘electrolysis’ by using different types of renewable energy sources. These sites,
within the framework of the project under discussion, were located near the Brenner Pass (wind power), in Bolzano South (hydroelectric power), in Trentino (combination of photovoltaic and hydroelectric power), in the Province of Verona (interconnection with the A4 motorway) and near the interconnection with the A1 motorway (biomass).
It must be emphasized that the Brenner Motorway considers to be strategic in a first phase to invest in hydrogen-methane blends vehicles, with internal combustion engines, awaiting for the circulation of fuel cell vehicles.
The advanced technology of hydrogen-methane blends (hydromethane) can in fact offer an important contribution versus the reduction of CO2 and other noxious emissions, guaranteeing a strong synergy with additional gaseous fuels from renewable sources such as biomethane.
Hydromethane can therefore enable the development of hydrogen infrastructure, necessary for the future implementation of fuel cell electric vehicles.
The project was presented on June 23 at the European Parliament.